The evaluation research consists of an extensive and systematic literature review on integration policy effectiveness research in different policy areas in the EU as well as some other major immigration countries such as the United States, Canada and Australia. In cooperation with evaluation experts in each country, we got access to studies on integration policy evaluation that applied high quality quantitative research methods. We developed a database giving a thorough summary of the studies, and based on this database, we analysed which integration policies and programs succeed or fail under what conditions.
The term "liberalism" conveys two distinct positions in political philosophy, the one a pro-individualist theory of people and government, the second a pro-statist or what is better termed a "social democratic" conception. Students of political philosophy ought to be aware of the two schools of thought that reside under the same banner to avoid philosophical confusions that can be resolved by a clarification of terms. The "Great Switch," as cultural historian Jacques Barzun notes, took place in the late Nineteenth Century, a switch which was the product of shifting the political ground towards socialist or social democratic policies under the banner of liberal parties and politics.