Wollstonecraft's Rights of Men was published anonymously on 29 November 1790, the first of between fifty and seventy responses to Burke by various authors.  Only three weeks later, on 18 December, a second edition, with her name printed on the title page, was issued.  Wollstonecraft took time to edit the second edition, which, according to biographer Emily Sunstein, "sharpened her personal attack on Burke" and changed much of the text from first person to third person ; "she also added a non-partisan code criticising hypocritical liberals who talk equality but scrape before the powers that be." 
 Mary Wollstonecraft here echoes the battle-cry of the American colonists in the War with the Colonies or what Americans call the American Revolution (1776)—“No taxation without representation!”, in other words, we will not pay taxes unless we have the vote and can elect our own members of Parliament (see Mellor, 31-9). Barbara Taylor hears Wollstonecraft’s challenge within the context of British parliamentary politics, and believes that Wollstonecraft is asking that a specific member of Parliament “represent” the interests of women, even though women would not have the vote or suffrage to determine the choice of this (male) representative (Taylor, 215-6).
In 1792, while visiting friends in France, Wollstonecraft met Captain Gilbert Imlay, an American timber merchant and adventurer. Taken by him, she soon became pregnant. They named their daughter Fanny, after Mary’s best friend. While nursing her firstborn, Wollstonecraft wrote a conservative critique of the French Revolution in An Historical and Moral View of the Origin and Progress of the French Revolution . She also wrote a deeply personal travel narrative, Letters Written During a Short Residence in Sweden, Norway and Denmark , which became her most popular book in the 1790s. After their travels to Scandinavia, Imlay left her.