Another way that Chopin represents Edna’s journey to her ultimate awakening is through the mention of clothes. Clothes as a rule are symbols of the rules and expectations of society. Society conventionally expects the women to at all times be properly dressed and covered up just as Edna is when she is “wearing a cool muslin…also a white linen collar and a big straw hat” even while walking on the beach with Adйle Ratignolle (14). The proper clothing that Edna wears represents her fulfillment of the expectation of society for a woman and wife. At the very end of the story “when she was there beside the sea, absolutely alone, she cast the unpleasant, pricking garments from her, and for the first time in her life she stood naked in the open air, at the mercy of the sun, the breeze that beat upon her, and the waves that invited her” (115). The shedding of Edna’s clothing signifies her shedding of everything she has known. She is spiritually reborn just as she was born physically: naked.
The power of the “Trumpian Revolution” stems from its potential to subtly awaken white racial identity vis-à-vis our peoples’ relation to other non-white peoples. The metapolitical climate propagated by the implicit whiteness of Donald Trump has in turn shifted the “Overton Window” on what discourse is deemed socially acceptable and has highlighted racial differences via the failed emulation of white patrimony by non-white peoples. This, in conjunction with a rapidly dwindling, incrementally agitated white population, will give birth to an ideological bridge to a mainstream American society susceptible to the ideals of White Nationalism, and thus may be the force of awakening necessary for the salvation of our race.
The counter-revivalists were not merely reactive; they sought to counter revivalism by formulating alternative understandings of Christian theology and spirituality. High Church Episcopalians Calvin Colton and John Henry Hopkins argued for the superiority of the Episcopal Church; Colton praised his church's refusal to meddle in political affairs in the manner of revivalistic reformers, and Hopkins appealed to his church's faithfulness to the pattern established by the "Primitive Church" of the first four centuries against the "novelties" of revivalism. John Williamson Nevin criticized revivalism's subjectivism, countering with a churchly piety, grounded on the objective presence of Christ in the sacraments. Nevin envisioned an alliance between the German Reformed and German Lutheran Churches as a bulwark against Americanized evangelicalism. Horace Bushnell criticized revivalism for its supernaturalistic dualism; as an alternative, Bushnell offered a Romantic revision of the means of grace, in which parents could shape the Christian character of their children through the power of organic connections. The counter-revivalists in this study offered counter-narratives set against prevailing revivalistic norms to offer an alternative understanding of American religious culture and to open up new directions for the future of Christian piety and theology.